Publicum Europaeum

Foucault distinguishes between despotic power and the limited state (governmentality, physiocratic economic liberalism, economic free market liberal criticism of Nazism in the Ordoliberalismus group), criticizing the state which claims to unify the nation/peopleo within itself and defending economic, societal and personal space outside state control (Barry Stocker: Political theory and the Idea of Europe, Foucault against Habermas). Foucault was a child of the Enlightnement. He supported an alternative concept to disciplinarity.

Foucault had been influenced by a Machiavellian concept of governance. He insisted that the new idea of government concerning large populations is a permanent coup d’ etat because the new form of the state ( whether it is called a monarchy or a parliamentary democracy) exercises its power over the other social and political institutions.

The emergence of a European Polity can not be founded on transcedental unity through intergovernmental structures. “Macht” is legitimated via violence, even in transnational structures like European Union.

The role of the global market economy which reflects a massive change towards the spheres of politial, society, and economy has influenced a lot the emergence of the idea of a European institutional Unity.

Foucault assures us that the enhancement of the European Union is bringing us waves of strong reaction. The desirable consensus that is difused among the atmosphere of the European Institutions does not reflect the political reality.

In this frame, Greece is not facing a political infection by its European partners but a Schmittian attack of an enemy at the political and economical level.

 

Bibliography

  • Foucault Michel, The Order of Things, London: Routledge, 2001
  • Hayek Friedrich August, The Road to Serfdom, London: Routledge, 1944
  • Rwals John, A Theory of Justice, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971
  • Schmitt Carl, The Concept of the Political, Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2007

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